The possibility of diagnosis and prediction of multiple disorders in trabecular bone through nano-biomechanics and chemical analysis are summarized. Improvements to the understating of the compositional contributors of bone mineral and organic components to mechanical competence are crucial. Viscoelastic properties and Raman characterization have been used to evaluate possible alterations of the trabecular bone associated with aging, disease, or injury. In this study, the trabecular bone of postmenopausal women has been analyzed throughout. (a) Nanomechanical characterization, by using nano-DMA: complex modulus, tan δ, loss modulus (E'), and storage modulus (E'); and (b) Raman analysis: relative presence of minerals, carbonate-to-phosphate ratio (both from the mineral components), the crosslinking and nature/secondary structure of collagen (both from the organic components). Complementary nano-morphological studies were done assessing roughness (SRa) and collagen fibrils width, on this trabecular bone. A general idea of the behavior of the viscoelastic performance can be obtained by the Tan δ (E″/E'), that achieved 0.98GPa of damping. 249nm and 0.898μm of SRa roughness and fibrils width were obtained, respectively. The relative presence of minerals, the carbonate-to-phosphate ratio, the crosslinking and the nature/secondary structure of collagen, between 700 and 1700cm-1, were also obtained, in order to propose a study protocol for trabecular bone characterization.
Keywords: AFM; analysis; biomechanics; morphology; raman; roughness; trabecular bone; viscoelastic.
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