Association of Human Leukocyte Antigen Class 1 Genes With Stevens Johnson Syndrome With Severe Ocular Complications in an Indian Population

Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 21;7(1):15960. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-15965-7.

Abstract

Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) is part of a spectrum of adverse drug reactions resulting in the destruction of skin, mucous membranes, and the ocular surface. A similar, more severe form of the disorder included in this spectrum is toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Approximately 35% of patients suffer chronic sequelae such as vascularization, corneal scarring, conjunctival inversion to the cornea, keratinization, symblepharon, scarring of the palpebral conjunctiva, trichiasis, and severe dry eye. We focused on 80 Indian patients with SJS/TEN with severe ocular complications (SOC) and investigated the association of alleles at HLA -A, HLA-B and HLA-C loci; the controls were 50 healthy Indian volunteers. Genotyping at HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C loci showed a significant positive association with HLA-A*33:03, HLA-B*44:03, and HLA-C*07:01 alleles, and a significant negative association with HLA-B*57:01 and HLA-C*06:02. This indicates that HLA-A*33:03, HLA-B*44:03 and HLA-C*07:01 are risk alleles, and HLA-B*57:01 and HLA-C*06:02 are protective alleles in this population. We also found that the haplotypes consisting of HLA-B*44:03 and HLA-C*07:01 were strongly associated with SJS/TEN with SOC in our Indian population (p = 1.1 × 10-7, odds ratio = 11.0). Describing the association of the haplotype could facilitate the understanding of increased risk factors for developing SJS/TEN with SOC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye Diseases / complications
  • Eye Diseases / genetics*
  • Eye Diseases / immunology*
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome / complications
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome / genetics*
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome / immunology*

Substances

  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I