Work ability, effort-reward imbalance and disability pension claims

Occup Med (Lond). 2017 Dec 30;67(9):696-702. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqx164.

Abstract

Background: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and self-rated work ability are known independent correlates and predictors of intended disability pension claims. However, little research has focused on the interrelationship between the three and whether self-rated work ability mediates the relationship between ERI and intended disability pension claims.

Aims: To investigate whether self-rated work ability mediates the association between ERI and intended disability pension claims.

Methods: Baseline data from participants of the Third German Sociomedical Panel of Employees, a 5-year cohort study that investigates determinants of work ability, rehabilitation utilization and disability pensions in employees who have previously received sickness benefits, were analysed. We tested direct associations between ERI with intended disability pension claims (Model 1) and self-rated work ability (Model 2). Additionally, we tested whether work ability mediates the association between ERI and intended disability pension claims (Model 3).

Results: There were 2585 participants. Model 1 indicated a significant association between ERI and intended disability pension claims. Model 2 showed a significant association between ERI and self-rated work ability. The mediation in Model 3 revealed a significant indirect association between ERI and intended disability pension claims via self-rated work ability. There was no significant direct association between ERI and intended disability pension claims.

Conclusions: Our results support the adverse health-related impact of ERI on self-rated work ability and intended disability pension claims.

Keywords: Effort–reward imbalance; intention; psychological stress; retirement; work ability.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pensions / statistics & numerical data
  • Reward*
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires