Photodynamic action of the red laser on Propionibacterium acnes

An Bras Dermatol. 2017 Sep-Oct;92(5):622-625. doi: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20175651.

Abstract

Background: Photodynamic therapy is a therapeutic modality that has consolidated its activity in the photooxidation of organic matter, which arises from the activity of reactive oxygen species.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of red laser 660nm with the photosensitizer methylene blue on Propionibacterium acnes in vitro.

Method: The experimental design was distributed into four groups (1 - control group without the application of light and without photosensitizer, 2 - application of light, 3 - methylene blue without light, and 4 - methylene blue with light). Tests were subjected to red laser irradiation 660nm by four cycles of 5 minutes at 3-minute intervals.

Results: It was evidenced the prominence of the fourth cycle (20 minutes) groups 2, 3 and 4.

Study limitations: Despite the favorable results, the laser irradiation time photosensitizer associated with methylene blue were not sufficient to to completely inhibit the proliferation of bacteria.

Conclusion: Further studies in vitro are recommended to enable the clinical application of this photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Methylene Blue / pharmacology*
  • Photochemotherapy / methods*
  • Photosensitizing Agents / pharmacology*
  • Propionibacterium acnes / drug effects*
  • Propionibacterium acnes / radiation effects
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Photosensitizing Agents
  • Methylene Blue