Limited research examines family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of injection drug use. We describe modern contraceptive use and its association with heavy drinking and recent injection for HIV-infected females in St. Petersburg, Russia (N = 49): 22.4% (n = 11) used traditional methods and 30.6% (n = 15) reported modern contraceptive use, which consisted primarily of condoms (26.5%, n = 13). Over 63% (n = 31) had an abortion. Observed associations for heavy alcohol use (AOR = 2.36, CI = 0.53, 12.41) and recent injection drug use (AOR = 2.88, CI = 0.60, 16.92) were clinically notable, but not statistically significant. Prioritizing family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of substance use is urgently needed.
Keywords: Females; HIV-infected; Injection drug use; Modern contraceptive use; Russia.