Risk of aortic aneurysm surgery as assessed by preoperative gated heart pool scan

Br J Surg. 1989 Jan;76(1):26-8. doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800760109.


Gated heart pool scan measuring left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was performed preoperatively in 72 patients presenting for elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Patients with a positive cardiac history were more likely to have a LVEF of less than or equal to 45 per cent (P less than 0.001). The operative mortality rate was 4 per cent. Each of three patients who died had a LVEF less than or equal to 35 per cent and developed cardiac failure which led to renal failure. Five other patients developed cardiac failure manifested by acute pulmonary oedema during the early postoperative period. There was no statistically significant association between a positive cardiac history and the occurrence of postoperative cardiac failure or death. However, patients with a LVEF of less than or equal to 45 per cent were more likely to develop postoperative cardiac failure (P = 0.004) while patients with a LVEF of less than or equal to 35 per cent had a greater chance of dying (P less than 0.001). No patient died with a LVEF greater than 35 per cent. Preoperative evaluation of LVEF can select patients at high risk of cardiac death from repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Such patients could be followed conservatively if they remain asymptomatic and the aneurysm does not enlarge. If operation is considered mandatory, patients with a low LVEF should receive intensive perioperative monitoring with enhancement of ventricular performance.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aorta, Abdominal
  • Aortic Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Female
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Preoperative Care
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke Volume