Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2017 Dec;46(4):859-874. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Oct 3.


Mindfulness-based interventions may be beneficial psychosocial treatments for improving the health and well-being of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This article reviews eight studies, assessing seven psychosocial interventions, which include mindfulness and/or meditation components. Strongest effects of the interventions were found in quality of life and anxiety/depression, with inconsistent or minimal changes in other psychosocial areas, such as perceived stress and in disease-related outcomes and other physiologic functioning. Mindfulness interventions for patients with inflammatory bowel disease may be a supplemental treatment option to improve quality of life and distress in this population, although results are preliminary and interventions require additional testing.

Keywords: Crohn’s disease; IBD; Mindfulness; Ulcerative colitis; Yoga.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Depression / etiology
  • Depression / therapy
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / blood
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / psychology*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy*
  • Mind-Body Therapies*
  • Mindfulness*
  • Quality of Life
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control