Practical implementation, education and interpretation guidelines for continuous glucose monitoring: A French position statement

Diabetes Metab. 2018 Feb;44(1):61-72. doi: 10.1016/j.diabet.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Nov 11.


The use by diabetes patients of real-time continuous interstitial glucose monitoring (CGM) or the FreeStyle Libre® (FSL) flash glucose monitoring (FGM) system is becoming widespread and has changed diabetic practice. The working group bringing together a number of French experts has proposed the present practical consensus. Training of professionals and patient education are crucial for the success of CGM. Also, institutional recommendations must pay particular attention to the indications for and reimbursement of CGM devices in populations at risk of hypoglycaemia. The rules of good practice for CGM are the precursors of those that need to be enacted, given the oncoming emergence of artificial pancreas devices. It is necessary to have software combining user-friendliness, multiplatform usage and average glucose profile (AGP) presentation, while integrating glucose and insulin data as well as events. Expression of CGM data must strive for standardization that facilitates patient phenotyping and their follow-up, while integrating indicators of variability. The introduction of CGM involves a transformation of treatment support, rendering it longer and more complex as it also includes specific educational and technical dimensions. This complexity must be taken into account in discussions of organization of diabetes care.

Keywords: Continuous glucose monitoring; Flash glucose monitoring; Guidelines; Patient education; Subcutaneous insulin infusion; Type 1 diabetes; Type 2 diabetes.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy
  • France
  • Humans
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Retrospective Studies