Anesthetic Considerations for Mediastinal Staging Procedures for Lung Cancer

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Apr;32(2):893-900. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2017.08.041. Epub 2017 Sep 21.


Tumor staging is critical for the treatment of lung malignancies. Invasive techniques of lung tumor staging can be accomplished via mediastinoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound, and video-assisted thoracoscopy. Anesthesiologists taking care of patients undergoing mediastinal staging procedures might face different challenges. In this narrative review, the authors summarize the literature on the anesthetic considerations for mediastinal staging procedures.

Keywords: anesthesia; lung cancer; mediastinoscopy; staging; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia / methods*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Mediastinoscopy
  • Mediastinum / pathology*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional