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Review
, 19 (12), 110

Reflections on Recent Research Into Animal-Assisted Interventions in the Military and Beyond

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Review

Reflections on Recent Research Into Animal-Assisted Interventions in the Military and Beyond

Christina B Rumayor et al. Curr Psychiatry Rep.

Abstract

Purpose of review: The purpose of the present review was threefold: to address the current state of Animal-Assisted Interactions (AAI) within the military; to summarize recent literature (within the past three years) in the field of AAI; and to discuss trends in AAI research since 2014.

Recent findings: With regard to AAI within the military, several canine interaction programs have been utilized to assist service members in coping with various issues. Therapy dogs have been deployed with Combat-Operational Stress Control units; they have been integrated into medical clinics and behavioral health treatment programs in garrison; and policy has been developed to address the use of therapy animals in military treatment facilities. General research in AAI has demonstrated efficacy for certain presenting issues (stress management, trauma, autism spectrum disorder) and specific populations (children, the elderly, acute care patients). Overall trends in research include calls for increased consideration for animal welfare in AAI and increased rigor in research methodology. Current research supports the structured use of therapy dogs in the treatment of various disorders and with specific populations, including military service members and veterans; however, the need for additional research with rigorous methodology remains.

Keywords: Animal-assisted interactions; Animal-assisted therapy; CAM therapy; CAM treatment; Military; Therapy dogs.

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