Multilayer Graphene-WSe2 Heterostructures for WSe2 Transistors

ACS Nano. 2017 Dec 26;11(12):12817-12823. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b07755. Epub 2017 Dec 1.


Two-dimensional (2D) materials are drawing growing attention for next-generation electronics and optoelectronics owing to its atomic thickness and unique physical properties. One of the challenges posed by 2D materials is the large source/drain (S/D) series resistance due to their thinness, which may be resolved by thickening the source and drain regions. Recently explored lateral graphene-MoS21-3 and graphene-WS21,4 heterostructures shed light on resolving the mentioned issues owing to their superior ohmic contact behaviors. However, recently reported field-effect transistors (FETs) based on graphene-TMD heterostructures have only shown n-type characteristics. The lack of p-type transistor limits their applications in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor electronics. In this work, we demonstrate p-type FETs based on graphene-WSe2 lateral heterojunctions grown with the scalable CVD technique. Few-layer WSe2 is overlapped with the multilayer graphene (MLG) at MLG-WSe2 junctions such that the contact resistance is reduced. Importantly, the few-layer WSe2 only forms at the junction region while the channel is still maintained as a WSe2 monolayer for transistor operation. Furthermore, by imposing doping to graphene S/D, 2 orders of magnitude enhancement in Ion/Ioff ratio to ∼108 and the unipolar p-type characteristics are obtained regardless of the work function of the metal in ambient air condition. The MLG is proposed to serve as a 2D version of emerging raised source/drain approach in electronics.

Keywords: WSe2; contact; graphene; heterostructure; transistor; transition metal dichalcogenides.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't