Measuring depressive symptomatology in China

J Nerv Ment Dis. 1989 Mar;177(3):121-31. doi: 10.1097/00005053-198903000-00001.


A study was conducted on a representative sample of 1000 residents in Tianjin, China to construct a scale of depressive symptoms. From items and criteria developed in the West and statements and expressions understood by the Chinese, a set of 26 statements was formulated. After a series of psychometric (reliability and validity) analyses, it was proposed that a set of 22 items form the Chinese Depressive Symptom Scale (CDS-22) and that a subset of 16 items (CDS-16) constitute the abbreviated version. Comparisons of the levels and patterns of symptomatology in China as measured by such scales with those found in the United States show considerable similarities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • China
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Socioeconomic Factors