Quality of life after total knee arthroplasty

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2018 Feb;104(1S):S41-S46. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2017.04.017. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Abstract

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) results in a high degree of patient satisfaction, as it provides patients with considerable medium- and long-term benefits in terms of quality of life, pain relief and function. Nevertheless, the literature reports that up to 30% of patients are dissatisfied. This dissatisfaction is directly related to the patients' quality of life, which they deem insufficient. Their quality of life depends on many physical, behavioural, social and psychological factors that are not taken into account by functional outcome scores. After describing the principles of quality of life evaluation after TKA, we will assess the effects of patient-related factors, the surgical technique and postoperative program through an exhaustive review of the literature. Patient expectations after TKA will then be outlined, particularly return to work and return to sports.

Keywords: Activities of daily living; Functional outcomes; Functional scores; PROMs; Public health; Quality of life; Return to sports; Return to work; Risk factors; Symptoms; Total knee arthroplasty.

Publication types

  • Lecture
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / methods
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / psychology
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Postoperative Period
  • Quality of Life*
  • Return to Sport
  • Return to Work