Chromosome conformation capture (3C) techniques are crucial to understanding tissue-specific regulation of gene expression, but current methods generally require large numbers of cells. This hampers the investigation of chromatin architecture in rare cell populations. We present a new low-input Capture-C approach that can generate high-quality 3C interaction profiles from 10 000-20 000 cells, depending on the resolution used for analysis. We also present a PCR-free, sequencing-free 3C technique based on NanoString technology called C-String. By comparing C-String and Capture-C interaction profiles we show that the latter are not skewed by PCR amplification. Furthermore, we demonstrate that chromatin interactions detected by Capture-C do not depend on the degree of cross-linking by performing experiments with varying formaldehyde concentrations.
© The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.