Experimental design and quantitative analysis of microbial community multiomics

Genome Biol. 2017 Nov 30;18(1):228. doi: 10.1186/s13059-017-1359-z.


Studies of the microbiome have become increasingly sophisticated, and multiple sequence-based, molecular methods as well as culture-based methods exist for population-scale microbiome profiles. To link the resulting host and microbial data types to human health, several experimental design considerations, data analysis challenges, and statistical epidemiological approaches must be addressed. Here, we survey current best practices for experimental design in microbiome molecular epidemiology, including technologies for generating, analyzing, and integrating microbiome multiomics data. We highlight studies that have identified molecular bioactives that influence human health, and we suggest steps for scaling translational microbiome research to high-throughput target discovery across large populations.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Computational Biology / methods
  • DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods
  • Humans
  • Metabolomics* / methods
  • Metagenomics* / methods
  • Microbiota*
  • Proteomics* / methods
  • Research Design*