Purpose: To study the safety and efficacy of intravitreal injection of dexamethasone implant in the management of posterior segment involvement in tubercular uveitis (TBU).
Methods: In this study, retrospective analysis of safety and efficacy of intravitreal injection of dexamethasone implant for various indications such as cystoid macular edema (CME), vitritis, or paradoxical worsening in TB-related intermediate uveitis, retinal vasculitis, and multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis (MSC) was performed.
Results: The study included 17 patients (19 eyes; 7 males). IOP increased from 14.88 ± 2.68 mm Hg to 16.4 ± 5.82 mm Hg (p = 0.18) at 3 months. BCVA improved from 0.37 ± 0.35 to 0.27 ± 0.21 at 3 months (p = 0.03). CME resolved at 3 months and two patients with paradoxical worsening showed resolution within 1 month.
Conclusion: Intravitreal dexamethasone implant is safe and efficacious as an adjunct to ATT in reducing the central macular thickness, vitritis, and progression of choroiditis lesions in paradoxical worsening of MSC.
Keywords: Cystoid Macular Edema; Dexamethasone Implant; Intraocular Tuberculosis; Ozurdex; Retinal Vasculitis; Serpiginous Choroiditis; TB.