Strabismus in infancy

Ophthalmology. 1989 Jan;96(1):133-7. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(89)32932-0.


In order to prospectively study the development of strabismus in infancy, the ocular alignment of a large population of normal neonates was studied and follow-up examinations were obtained in a subset of these infants. The characteristic findings of congenital esotropia subsequently developed in three infants who were either orthotropic or exotropic at birth. Pathologic exotropia developed in two infants; both were exotropic at birth, but no more so than most normal neonates. In infants with congenital esotropia or pathologic exotropia, the characteristic deviation appears to develop between 2 and 4 months of age, a period during which normal infants are becoming increasingly orthotropic.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abducens Nerve
  • Child Development
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / physiopathology
  • Duane Retraction Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Esotropia / congenital
  • Esotropia / physiopathology
  • Exotropia / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Oculomotor Muscles / physiopathology
  • Paralysis / physiopathology
  • Reference Values
  • Strabismus / diagnosis
  • Strabismus / physiopathology*