Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2017 Dec 1;17(1):143.
doi: 10.1186/s12903-017-0437-7.

The Effectiveness of Vibrational Stimulus to Accelerate Orthodontic Tooth Movement: A Systematic Review

Free PMC article

The Effectiveness of Vibrational Stimulus to Accelerate Orthodontic Tooth Movement: A Systematic Review

Dian Jing et al. BMC Oral Health. .
Free PMC article


Background: In recent years, it has been a hot research topic to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) through vibration. This review was therefore aimed to systematically evaluate the available evidences on the efficacy of vibrational stimulus to accelerate OTM.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy of vibration on OTM acceleration were searched through electronic and manual search. Two review authors independently conducted the study inclusion, quality assessment and data extraction. The quality of synthesized evidence was assessed according to GRADE system.

Results: Eight clinical trials were included in this systematic review. Four studies found that vibration did not enhance the rate of OTM during alignment phase. Two studies revealed that the use of vibratory stimulation accelerated canine retraction. No deleterious effects including pain perceptions and root resorptions were reported.

Conclusions: Within the limitations of this review, weak evidence indicates that vibrational stimulus is effective for accelerating canine retraction but not for alignment. The effects of vibration on pain intensity and root resorption during orthodontic treatment are inconclusive. Future high-quality clinical trials are needed before warranting recommendations to clinical application.

Keywords: Accelerate; Orthodontics; Tooth movement; Vibration.

Conflict of interest statement

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
PRISMA flow diagram of study selection
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Risk of bias summary for included studies

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 4 articles


    1. Fisher MA, Wenger RM, Hans MG. Pretreatment characteristics associated with orthodontic treatment duration. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2010;137:178–186. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2008.09.028. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Mavreas D, Athanasiou AE. Factors affecting the duration of orthodontic treatment: a systematic review. Eur J Orthod. 2008;30:386–395. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjn018. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Geiger AM, Gorelick L, Gwinnett AJ, Benson BJ. Reducing white spot lesions in orthodontic populations with fluoride rinsing. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1992;101:403–407. doi: 10.1016/0889-5406(92)70112-N. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Pandis N, Nasika M, Polychronopoulou A, Eliades T. External apical root resorption in patients treated with conventional and self-ligating brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2008;134:646–651. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2007.01.032. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Gkantidis N, Mistakidis I, Kouskoura T, Pandis N. Effectiveness of non-conventional methods for accelerated orthodontic tooth movement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent. 2014;42:1300–1319. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2014.07.013. - DOI - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources