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Review
. 2017 Dec 1;17(1):143.
doi: 10.1186/s12903-017-0437-7.

The Effectiveness of Vibrational Stimulus to Accelerate Orthodontic Tooth Movement: A Systematic Review

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Free PMC article
Review

The Effectiveness of Vibrational Stimulus to Accelerate Orthodontic Tooth Movement: A Systematic Review

Dian Jing et al. BMC Oral Health. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: In recent years, it has been a hot research topic to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) through vibration. This review was therefore aimed to systematically evaluate the available evidences on the efficacy of vibrational stimulus to accelerate OTM.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy of vibration on OTM acceleration were searched through electronic and manual search. Two review authors independently conducted the study inclusion, quality assessment and data extraction. The quality of synthesized evidence was assessed according to GRADE system.

Results: Eight clinical trials were included in this systematic review. Four studies found that vibration did not enhance the rate of OTM during alignment phase. Two studies revealed that the use of vibratory stimulation accelerated canine retraction. No deleterious effects including pain perceptions and root resorptions were reported.

Conclusions: Within the limitations of this review, weak evidence indicates that vibrational stimulus is effective for accelerating canine retraction but not for alignment. The effects of vibration on pain intensity and root resorption during orthodontic treatment are inconclusive. Future high-quality clinical trials are needed before warranting recommendations to clinical application.

Keywords: Accelerate; Orthodontics; Tooth movement; Vibration.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
PRISMA flow diagram of study selection
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Risk of bias summary for included studies

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