Adipose tissue dysregulation, a hallmark of obesity, contributes to a chronic state of low-grade inflammation and is associated with increased risk and progression of several breast cancer subtypes, including claudin-low breast tumors. Unfortunately, mechanistic targets for breaking the links between obesity-associated adipose tissue dysfunction, inflammation, and claudin-low breast cancer growth have not been elucidated. Ovariectomized female C57BL/6 mice were randomized (n = 15/group) to receive a control diet, a diet-induced obesity (DIO) diet, or a DIO + resveratrol (0.5% wt/wt) diet. Mice consumed these diets ad libitum throughout study and after 6 weeks were orthotopically injected with M-Wnt murine mammary tumor cells, a model of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative claudin-low breast cancer. Compared with controls, DIO mice displayed adipose dysregulation and metabolic perturbations including increased mammary adipocyte size, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, inflammatory eicosanoid levels, macrophage infiltration, and prevalence of crown-like structures (CLS). DIO mice (relative to controls) also had increased systemic inflammatory cytokines and decreased adipocyte expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and other adipogenesis-regulating genes. Supplementing the DIO diet with resveratrol prevented obesity-associated increases in mammary tumor growth, mammary adipocyte hypertrophy, COX-2 expression, macrophage infiltration, CLS prevalence, and serum cytokines. Resveratrol also offset the obesity-associated downregulation of adipocyte PPARγ and other adipogenesis genes in DIO mice. Our findings suggest that resveratrol may inhibit obesity-associated inflammation and claudin-low breast cancer growth by inhibiting adipocyte hypertrophy and associated adipose tissue dysregulation that typically accompanies obesity.
Keywords: diet-induced obesity; mammary tumor; resveratrol.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.