Background: Evaluating patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in early osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is difficult. Established measurement tools are focused on one of the two major patient groups in knee surgery: young, highly active patients, or older patients with advanced degenerative OA of the knee. Joint awareness in everyday life is a crucial criterion in measuring PRO. The purpose of this study was to validate a German version of the "Forgotten Joint Score" (FJS) in patients after surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures.
Methods: In this prospective cohort study, clinical and radiological outcomes data were collected from patients after surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures following a skiing accident. Functional outcome questionnaires were administered including the FJS, the Lysholm-Score, the Tegner-Activity Scale (TAS), the EuroQol-5D (EQ 5-D), and a subjective rating of change. The validation study was carried out according to the COSMIN checklist protocol. The KLS was used to measure the presence and severity of OA on knee radiographs, and correlation with the FJS was measured.
Results: Cronbach's alpha was .96 (95%-CI .92, .99) confirming good internal consistency. Test-retest reliability of the FJS was high with an ICC(67) = .91 (95%-CI .85,.95). Furthermore, no relevant floor or ceiling effects were observed. FJS significantly differed in patients with different OA degrees (p = .041). Symptomatic patients had significant lower FJS than asymptomatic patients (p < .001).
Conclusions: This is the first study validating a disease-specific PRO, the FJS, in long-term outcomes after joint fracture. We demonstrated good psychometric properties and a significant correlation between the FJS and the radiologic degree of OA in patients with a history of tibial plateau fracture.
Trial registration: Clinical Trial Registry University of Regensburg Z-2015-0872-2 . Registered 01. October 2015.
Keywords: COSMIN checklist; Early osteoarthritis; Forgotten joint score (FJS); Patient reported outcome measurement (PROM); Tibial plateau fracture.