Epidemiology of gynecological cancers in Kamrup Urban District cancer registry

Indian J Cancer. 2017 Jan-Mar;54(1):388-391. doi: 10.4103/0019-509X.219590.

Abstract

Background: Cancers of the female reproductive system - namely cancer of the cervix, corpus uteri, ovarian, vulvar, vaginal, fallopian tube cancers and choriocarcinoma are an important cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women worldwide. It is estimated to be the third most common group of malignancies in women. The comprehensive global cancer statistics from the International Agency for Research on Cancer indicate that gynaecological cancers accounted for 20% of the 14.1 million estimated new cancer cases and 8.2 million cancer deaths among women in the world in 2012. The estimation of cancer burden is necessary to set up priorities for disease control. Gynaecological cancers have increased in India and are estimated to be around 182,602 by the year 2020 constituting about 30% of the total cancers among women in India. Among these, cancer of the uterine cervix followed by ovary and corpus uteri are the major contributors.

Methods and materials: Cancer is not notifiable in India, so method of collecting information on cancer was active with voluntary participation of different sources including major hospitals, diagnostic centers, state referral board and birth and death registration centers within registry area.

Results: A total of 3767 (44%) cases were registered in women out of the total number of 8561 cancer cases during the period from 2010-2014. In case of gynaecological cancers a total of 661 cases of cervical, ovarian and corpus uterine cancers were registered out of the total 3767 female cancer cases (17.5%) for the year 2010-2014.The annual average crude rate in women for all sites of cancer was 117.4 per 100000 population. The corresponding AARs was 166.6.

Conclusions: Women's health issues have attained high concern in recent decades. Utmost efforts should be made to educate women in early cancer detection by creating awareness on risk factors and symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Female
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / epidemiology*
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Pregnancy
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology