The efficacy of topical hyaluronan in rhinosinusitis: a systematic review

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2017 Dec 27;31(4 Suppl 2):71-80.


Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common inflammatory conditions of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and is one of the most common causes of absence from work and for visits to the family doctor. The treatment strategy in both acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is to reduce the severity of the symptoms, minimize the duration of the disease and prevent complications. Topical therapy has become an important tool in otolaryngologists’ armamentarium for rhinosinusitis treatment. Recently, topical hyaluronic acid (HA), the major component of many extracellular matrices that promotes tissue healing, including activation and moderation of the inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis, has been proposed for ARS and CRS adjuvant tool. The aim of the study is to systematically review the published literature regarding all the therapeutic effects of HA on the ARS and CRS. Relevant published studies were found in PubMed, Google Scholar and Ovid, using a combined keyword search or medical subject headings. At the end of our study selection process, 5 relevant publications were included: 2 of them investigated the potential role of HA in reducing symptoms and preventing exacerbations of CRS in adult population, two of them in paediatric patients affected by upper respiratory tract infections and one of them in cystic fibrosis patients with bacterial rhinopharyngitis. Data deriving from the present review of 5 clinical studies showed that the use of topical HA represents a relevant therapeutic advance in rhinosinusitis to minimize symptoms and prevent reacutization with a significant improvement of their quality of life, as it avoids systemic side effects and increases local drug activity. Further studies on larger populations and with new specific nebulization devices for upper airway are needed to confirm these encouraging results.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Chronic Disease / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / administration & dosage*
  • Hyaluronic Acid / therapeutic use*
  • Quality of Life
  • Rhinitis / drug therapy*
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Hyaluronic Acid