Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa and Pregnancy

Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed). 2019 Jan-Feb;110(1):50-52. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2017 Dec 6.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a rare inherited disease caused by mutations in the COL7A1 gene. Its recessive variant (recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa) is characterized by the absence or considerably reduced expression of type VII collagen, which leads to marked fragility of the skin and mucous membranes and subsequent blister formation, whether spontaneously or following minimal injury. There have been very few reports of this disease in pregnant women. We present 2 cases of pregnant women with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa managed in our High-Risk Pregnancy Unit at Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain. Both patients underwent full-term cesarean delivery, with no further complications for mother or child. Although recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa increases the risk of maternal complications, a patient is not advised against pregnancy. With adequate monitoring, these patients can fulfil their desire to become mothers.

Keywords: Complicaciones del embarazo; Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa; Embarazo; Epidermolysis bullosa; Epidermólisis bullosa; Epidermólisis bullosa distrófica; Female; Mujer; Pregnancy; Pregnancy complications.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / therapy*