Two monoclonal antibodies, M32-1 (Ig-G1,k) and M39-2 (IgM,k), were prepared against high molecular weight (greater than 650 kDa) cytosol antigens (HMW-CA) of a human adenocarcinoma of the colon (GW-39). These monoclonal antibodies appeared to bind to determinants on two distinct high molecular weight colon antigens. One was shown by gel filtration to be a 650 kDa glycoprotein (gp650) containing at least one 300 kDa antigenic subunit (gp300). The other antigen eluted from a S-300 Sephacryl column at a molecular size of 600 kDa (gp600) and was resistant to dissociation by detergents, salts and chaotropic agents. The differential sensitivity of these two high molecular weight glycoproteins to treatment with trypsin, chondroitinase ABC, HNO2, endoglycosidase H and 2-mercaptoethanol suggest that monoclonal antibodies M39-1 and M39-2 react with distinct antigenic determinants located on two separate, high molecular weight, colon antigens. Since these antigens are only detected in extracts prepared from normal mucosa, well-differentiated tumors or margins of well-differentiated tumors, their expression appears to be related to a well-differentiated cell phenotype.