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Review
, 6 (6), 520-526

Prevention of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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Review

Prevention of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Niharika Singh et al. Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila).

Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) compromises quality of life. However, the available therapeutic options are limited. This has led to the identification of modifiable risk factors to prevent the development or alter the natural course and prognosis of AMD. The identification and modification of risk factors has the potential for greater public health impact on reducing morbidity from AMD. Likewise, identifying the imaging clues and genetic clues could serve as a guide to recognizing the propensity for progression to severe and end stages of the disease. Several attempts, both successful and unsuccessful, have been made for interventions that could delay the progression of AMD. Of these, pharmacological interventions have shown promising results. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study 1 and 2 have shown the beneficial role of antioxidants in a selected group of patients.

Keywords: age-related macular degeneration; diet; hyperacuity; smoking; tobacco.

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