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Review
. 2018 Jan;217(2):523-539.
doi: 10.1111/nph.14920. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

Elucidating the Molecular Mechanisms Mediating Plant Salt-Stress Responses

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Review

Elucidating the Molecular Mechanisms Mediating Plant Salt-Stress Responses

Yongqing Yang et al. New Phytol. .
Free article

Abstract

Contents Summary 523 I. Introduction 523 II. Sensing salt stress 524 III. Ion homeostasis regulation 524 IV. Metabolite and cell activity responses to salt stress 527 V. Conclusions and perspectives 532 Acknowledgements 533 References 533 SUMMARY: Excess soluble salts in soil (saline soils) are harmful to most plants. Salt imposes osmotic, ionic, and secondary stresses on plants. Over the past two decades, many determinants of salt tolerance and their regulatory mechanisms have been identified and characterized using molecular genetics and genomics approaches. This review describes recent progress in deciphering the mechanisms controlling ion homeostasis, cell activity responses, and epigenetic regulation in plants under salt stress. Finally, we highlight research areas that require further research to reveal new determinants of salt tolerance in plants.

Keywords: antioxidant defense; cell activity responses; cytoskeletal dynamics; developmental adjustment; epigenetic regulation; glycophytes; ion and osmotic homeostasis; salt-induced stress.

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