Objectives: Our aim was to assess outcomes in White and African American kidney transplant recipients after induction with alemtuzumab.
Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective study of 464 patients who received deceased-donor kidney transplants and were induced with alem-tuzumab between March 2006 and May 2015. We evaluated ethnic influences on patient and graft survival, delayed graft function, allograft failure, and rejection.
Results: There were 337 White (67.3%) and 127 African American (25.3%) patients. We observed no significant differences in 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7- year death-censored graft survival. We also observed no significant differences in 1-, 3-, and 5-year patient survival rates. Having African American ethnicity was not a significant predictor of rejection, graft survival, or patient survival.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that recipient ethnicity is not a predictor of rejection, graft survival, or patient survival. White and African American kidney transplant recipients induced with alemtuzumab experienced an equalization of outcomes.