Endoscopic management of cysts and pseudocysts in chronic pancreatitis: long-term follow-up after 7 years of experience

Gastrointest Endosc. Jan-Feb 1989;35(1):1-9. doi: 10.1016/s0016-5107(89)72677-8.


Endoscopic cystoenterostomy was performed in 33 patients with chronic pancreatitis. Endoscopic cystoduodenostomy (ECD) was done in 22 cases of symptomatic paraduodenal cysts and endoscopic cystogastrostomy (ECG) in 11 cases of retrogastric pseudocysts. The success rates were 96% for ECD and 100% for ECG. The relapse rate was 9% after ECD and 19% after ECG. No significant complications were observed after successful ECD and clinical relief of pain was achieved in 20 patients. ECD was an effective and definitive treatment for 19 of the 22 cases. Two complications of ECG were gastric hemorrhage and iatrogenic pseudocyst infection. In two ECG patients, percutaneous drainage was required. ECG alone was a definitive treatment for 8 of the 11 cases. When restricted to the precise morphological indication (paraintestinal cyst bulging into the duodenal or gastric lumen), ECD is the first choice for treatment of paraduodenal cysts, whereas ECG is an alternative procedure for the drainage of retrogastric pseudocysts, offering at least results as good as percutaneous drainage.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drainage / methods*
  • Duodenoscopy / methods*
  • Enterostomy / methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastrostomy / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatic Cyst / etiology
  • Pancreatic Cyst / therapy*
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / etiology
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / therapy
  • Pancreatitis / complications*
  • Time Factors