Grain Refinement Kinetics in a Low Alloyed Cu-Cr-Zr Alloy Subjected to Large Strain Deformation

Materials (Basel). 2017 Dec 6;10(12):1394. doi: 10.3390/ma10121394.


This paper investigates the microstructural evolution and grain refinement kinetics of a solution-treated Cu-0.1Cr-0.06Zr alloy during equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) at a temperature of 673 K via route BC. The microstructural change during plastic deformation was accompanied by the formation of the microband and an increase in the misorientations of strain-induced subboundaries. We argue that continuous dynamic recrystallization refined the initially coarse grains, and discuss the dynamic recrystallization kinetics in terms of grain/subgrain boundary triple junction evolution. A modified Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov relationship with a strain exponent of about 1.49 is used to express the strain dependence of the triple junctions of high-angle boundaries. Severe plastic deformation by ECAP led to substantial strengthening of the Cu-0.1Cr-0.06Zr alloy. The yield strength increased from 60 MPa in the initial state to 445 MPa after a total strain level of 12.

Keywords: Cu–Cr–Zr alloy; grain refinement; grain refinement kinetics; severe plastic deformation; triple junctions.