Congenital Vascular Tumors

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2018 Feb;51(1):89-97. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2017.09.008.


Vascular tumors are benign neoplasms, which result from proliferating endothelial cells. These lesions present during infancy or childhood, may affect any location, and exhibit postnatal growth. Local complications include bleeding, tissue destruction, and pain whereas systemic sequelae include thrombocytopenia, congestive heart failure, and death. Vascular tumors should be differentiated from vascular malformations, which present at birth, have a quiescent endothelium, and grow in proportion to the child. Together, vascular tumors and malformations comprise the field of vascular anomalies.

Keywords: Angiosarcoma; Congenital hemangioma; Cutaneovisceral angiomatosis with thrombocytopenia; Enzinger intramuscular hemangioma; Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma; Infantile myofibroma; Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma; Pyogenic granuloma; Tufted angioma; Vascular tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Granuloma, Pyogenic / diagnosis
  • Granuloma, Pyogenic / therapy
  • Humans
  • Myofibroma / diagnosis
  • Myofibroma / therapy
  • Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / congenital*
  • Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / therapy*
  • Vascular Malformations