Mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: Evidence and applications

Asian J Psychiatr. 2018 Feb;32:79-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2017.11.025. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Abstract

Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a multi-disciplinary pain management plan, clinicians can improve treatment outcomes and potentially decrease pain-related medication utilization.

Keywords: Chronic pain; Meditation-based interventions; Mindfulness meditation; Mindfulness-based stress reduction; Opioid abuse.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Pain Management / methods*