Pancreatic carcinoma (PC) is a lethal cancer. Gut microbiota is associated with some risk factors of PC, e.g. obesity and types II diabetes. However, the specific gut microbial profile in clinical PC in China has never been reported. This prospective study collected 85 PC and 57 matched healthy controls (HC) to analyze microbial characteristics by MiSeq sequencing. The results showed that gut microbial diversity was decreased in PC with an unique microbial profile, which partly attributed to its decrease of alpha diversity. Microbial alterations in PC featured by the increase of certain pathogens and lipopolysaccharides-producing bacteria, and the decrease of probiotics and butyrate-producing bacteria. Microbial community in obstruction cases was separated from the un-obstructed cases. Streptococcus was associated with the bile. Furthermore, 23 microbial functions e.g. Leucine and LPS biosynthesis were enriched, while 13 functions were reduced in PC. Importantly, based on 40 genera associated with PC, microbial markers achieves a high classification power with AUC of 0.842. In conclusion, gut microbial profile was unique in PC, providing a microbial marker for non-invasive PC diagnosis.
Keywords: MiSeq sequencing; alpha diversity; biomarkers; gut microbiota; pancreatic carcinoma.