We performed this meta-analysis to analyze the cancer risk to individuals carrying the rs701848 and rs2735343 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library and the national knowledge infrastructure of China (CNKI) databases and identified 18 eligible case-control studies with 5458 cases and 6003 controls for rs701848 as well as 5490 cases and 6209 controls for rs2735343. Our analyses demonstrated that cancer risk was associated with rs701848 in the recessive model (CC vs. CT+TT, OR=1.169, 95% CI: 1.061-1.288) and with rs2735343 in the dominant model (GC+CC vs. GG, OR=0.758, 95% CI: 0.590-0.972). Subgroup analysis showed that in Asian subjects, carrying the C allele of rs701848 or GG genotype of rs2735343 was associated with increased cancer risk. Moreover, Asian subjects carrying the TC/CC genotype or C allele of rs701848 were associated with increased risk of esophageal squamous cell cancer. This meta-analysis indicates that the PTEN rs701848 (CC) and rs2735343 (GG) polymorphisms are associated with increased cancer risk in Asian subjects.
Keywords: PTEN; SNP; cancer susceptibility; meta-analysis.