Introduction: Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease. It is caused by constitutional mutations in the FLCN gene. Since BHDS is a rare syndrome therefore it is unknown to many physicians. However, it is important to identify this rare syndrome at early stages because incidence of renal cancer in BHD patients is very high and its detection at early stages can prevent its metastasis. Hence, we want to present a case of BHDS and draw the attention of the treating physician to this rare inherited disorder and discuss its appropriate diagnosis and management.
Case presentation: We present a case of a 50-year old male presented to the consulting clinics of a University Hospital with right flank pain since the last 2 months. The Computed Tomography (CT) and biopsy on the right renal mass indicated clear cell type renal cell carcinoma with significant lymphadenopathy. Past history of cystic lung disease and pneumothorax along with positive finding of renal cell carcinoma on CT and biopsy suggested Birt-Hogg-Dub́e (BHD) syndrome. The patient underwent right radical nephrectomy and lymph node dissection. His 3 months post- surgery follow up CT scan indicated disease recurrence.
Conclusion: In conclusion, it is important to identify this rare syndrome at early stages. Diagnosis for the patients with a positive family history for renal cell cancer and pneumothorax should be considered. FLCN sequencing should also be taken into account in patients and their families because incidence of renal cancer in BHD patients is very high and detection at early stages can prevent its metastasis.
Keywords: Birth Hogg Dube syndrome; Case report; FLCN gene; Pneumothorax; Radical nephrectomy; Renal cell carcinoma.
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