Epidemiology of Gender Differences in Diabetes and Obesity

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;1043:3-8. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-70178-3_1.

Abstract

Some aspects of glucose homeostasis and energy balance are regulated differently in males and females. This review discusses the most fundamental gender differences in diabetes and obesity, including the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, the prevalence and incidence of type 2 and type 1 diabetes, as well as the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and obesity. These gender-specific differences in glucose homeostasis and energy balance represent a source of factors that should be studied to develop gender-based therapeutic avenues for diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / diagnosis
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Sex Factors

Substances

  • Blood Glucose