Effect of High-Dose Oral Multivitamins and Minerals in Participants Not Treated With Statins in the Randomized Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT)

Am Heart J. 2018 Jan;195:70-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2017.09.002. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Abstract

Importance: In a prespecified subgroup analysis of participants not on statin therapy at baseline in the TACT, a high-dose complex oral multivitamins and multimineral regimen was found to have a large unexpected benefit compared with placebo. The regimen tested was substantially different from any vitamin regimen tested in prior clinical trials.

Objective: To explore these results, we performed detailed additional analyses of participants not on statins at enrollment in TACT.

Design: TACT was a factorial trial testing chelation treatments and a 28-component high-dose oral multivitamins and multiminerals regimen versus placebo in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients 50 years or older.

Participants: There were 460 (27%) of 1,708 TACT participants not taking statins at baseline, 224 (49%) were in the active vitamin group and 236 (51%) were in the placebo group.

Setting: Patients were enrolled at 134 sites around the United States and Canada.

Intervention: Daily high-dose oral multivitamins and multiminerals (6 tablets, active or placebo).

Main outcome: The primary end point of TACT was time to the first occurrence of any component of the composite end point: all-cause mortality, MI, stroke, coronary revascularization, or hospitalization for angina.

Results: The primary end point occurred in 137 nonstatin participants (30%), of which 51 (23%) of 224 were in the active group and 86 (36%) of 236 were taking placebo (hazard ratio, 0.62; 95% confidence interval, 0.44-0.87; P=.006). Results in the key TACT secondary end point, a combination of cardiovascular mortality, stroke, or recurrent MI, was consistent in favoring the active vitamin group (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.75; P=.002). Multiple end point analyses were consistent with these results.

Conclusion and relevance: High-dose oral multivitamin and multimineral supplementation seem to decrease combined cardiac events in a stable, post-MI population not taking statin therapy at baseline. These unexpected findings are being retested in the ongoing TACT2.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Chelation Therapy / methods*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minerals / administration & dosage*
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage*

Substances

  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins