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. 2018 Apr;38:45-50.
doi: 10.1016/j.mcp.2017.12.001. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Development of a SYBR Green I Real-Time PCR for Detection and Quantitation of Orthopoxvirus by Using Ectromelia Virus

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Development of a SYBR Green I Real-Time PCR for Detection and Quantitation of Orthopoxvirus by Using Ectromelia Virus

Wenyu Cheng et al. Mol Cell Probes. .

Abstract

Ectromelia virus (ECTV) is the causative agent of mousepox, which has devastating effects in laboratory-mouse colonies and causes economic loss in biomedical research. More importantly, ECTV has been extensively used as an excellent model for studies of the pathogenesis and immunobiology of human smallpox. A rapid and sensitive SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR assay was developed and used for the detection and quantitation of orthopoxvirus by using ECTV in this study. Primers targeted to the highly conserved region of major core protein P4b gene of orthopoxvirus were designed and the standard plasmid was constructed. This assay was able to detect a minimum of 10 copies of standard DNA and 5 TCID50 units of ECTV. In addition, no cross-reactions were observed with two DNA viruses, such as herpes simplex virus and swine pseudorabies virus, and one RNA virus, vesicular stomatitis virus. Furthermore, intra- and inter-assay variability data showed that this method had a highly reproducibility and reliability. Moreover, the current assay was faster and had a higher sensitivity for detection of ECTV genomic DNA in cell cultured and clinical test samples. Therefore, the high sensitivity and reproducibility of this SYBR Green real-time PCR approach is a more effective method than the conventional PCR for ECTV diagnosis and quantitation.

Keywords: Detection; Ectromelia virus; Quantitation; Real-time PCR; SYBR Green I.

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