Background: Telemedicine for children and adolescents is a public health topic, and since 2009 in France, the legal framework defines practical modalities. Some children with Attention Deficit with or without Hyperactivity Disorder, social anxiety, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be easily engaged within a teleconsultation model. Literature suggests new opportunities to facilitate the care process for the ASD person and his family: diagnosis with the use of validated instruments and parental accompaniment.
Methods: Since 2015, a pilot project called PROMETTED was supported by the Regional Health Agency of Ile de France. It was developed and managed by the team of the Center for Diagnosis and Evaluation for Autism (CDEA) of Sainte-Anne Hospital and associated PEDIATED, the CDEA of Versailles.
Results: Five medico-social structures for children and adolescents with ASD and the two CDEAs co-elaborated a scheme of intervention with telemedicine. The remote evaluation is a four-step process structured around the medical history and the observation of the young subject; the Autism Diagnostic Interview; the use of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; and feedback to parents.
Conclusions: Medico-economic and satisfaction evaluations are in progress.
Keywords: pediatrics; rehabilitation; telemedicine; telepsychiatry.