Biochemical and Enzymatic Characterization of an Acetylcholinesterase From Nereis diversicolor (Annelida, Polychaeta): Comparison With the Cholinesterases of Eisenia fetida (Annelida, Oligochaeta)

Biol Bull. 1996 Jun;190(3):396-402. doi: 10.2307/1543032.

Abstract

This study constitutes the first report of a biochemical characterization, involving both substrates and inhibitors and electrophoretic analysis, of a cholinesterase (ChE) from a polychaete annelid (Nereis diversicolor). The ChE of N. diversicolor appears to be an acetylcholinesterase (AChE); i.e., it hydrolyzes acetylthiocholine iodide at a higher rate than other substrates and is inhibited by eserine but not by iso-OMPA. The ChEs of Eisenia fetida are different from that of N. diversicolor and include at least two types of PrChEs. The AChE activity is located principally in the anterior region of the worm (head) in N. diversicolor, whereas the ChE activity of E. fetida is located throughout the body. The electrophoretic characterization of N. diversicolor and E. fetida ChEs showed, respectively, six and two isoforms with disc-PAGE, and three (55,000, 47,000, and 17,000) and five molecular forms (628,000, 301,000, 235,000, 106,000, and 53,800) with PAGGE; substantial activity remained at the top of the PAGGE gel in both species.