Stability of serum ferritin measured by immunoturbidimetric assay after storage at -80°C for several years

PLoS One. 2017 Dec 11;12(12):e0188332. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188332. eCollection 2017.

Abstract

Background: Iron deficiency (ID) may impair long-term neurological development when it occurs in young infants. In cohort studies, it is sometimes necessary to evaluate ID with sera kept frozen for several years. To assess ID, learned societies recommend measuring serum ferritin (SF) level combined with C-reactive protein level. The long-term stability of C-reactive protein in frozen samples is well established but not ferritin.

Methods: We measured SF level (immunoturbidimetric assay; in micrograms per liter) immediately after collection from 53 young adults recruited and followed-up in Porto, Portugal, from 2011 to 2013 (SF1), and then, in 2016 in two aliquots kept frozen at- 80°C for 3 to 5 years: one without (SF2A) and one with (SF2B) intermediate thawing in 2014. We compared SF1 to SF2A then SF2B; statistical agreement was evaluated by the Bland and Altman method and the effect of intermediate thawing by regression modelling.

Results: Mean SF2A-SF1 and SF2B-SF1 differences were -2.1 (SD 7.0) and 48.9 (SD 66.9). Values for Bland and Altman 95% limits of agreement were higher for the comparison of SF2B and SF1 than SF2A and SF1: -82.2 to 179.9 and -15.8 to 11.8, respectively; the effect of thawing was highly significant (p <0.001).

Conclusions: Agreement between SF values before and after 3 to 5 years of constant freezing at -80°C was in a generally accepted range, which supports the hypothesis of ferritin's stability at this temperature for a long period. In long-term storage by freezing, intermediate thawing induced a major increase in values.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cold Temperature*
  • Ferritins / blood*
  • Humans
  • Immunoturbidimetry / methods*
  • Specimen Handling*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Ferritins

Grant support

This work was supported by the Secteur Français des Aliments de l’Enfance https://www.secteurfrancaisdesalimentsdelenfance.com/ (ASS, MC); French Ministry of Health “DGOS PHRC régional 2014 n° AOR14053” (http://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/) to ASS, MC and the Paris Diderot University - Sorbonne Paris Cité (https://www.univ-paris-diderot.fr/) to ASS. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.