Acute Kidney Injury in Children

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2017 Nov;24(6):380-387. doi: 10.1053/j.ackd.2017.09.007.


Acute kidney injury (AKI) has become one of the more common complications seen among hospitalized children. The development of a consensus definition has helped refine the epidemiology of pediatric AKI, and we now have a far better understanding of its incidence, risk factors, and outcomes. Strategies for diagnosing AKI have extended beyond serum creatinine, and the most current data underscore the diagnostic importance of oliguria as well as introduce the concept of urinary biomarkers of kidney injury. As AKI has become more widespread, we have seen that it is associated with a number of adverse consequences including longer lengths of stay and greater mortality. Though effective treatments do not currently exist for AKI once it develops, we hope that the diagnostic and definitional strides seen recently translate to the testing and development of more effective interventions.

Keywords: Acute kidney injury; Child; Pediatrics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury* / diagnosis
  • Acute Kidney Injury* / epidemiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury* / etiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury* / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Child, Hospitalized / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Patient Care Management / trends
  • Risk Factors