The importance of the circadian system & sleep for bone health

Metabolism. 2018 Jul;84:28-43. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2017.12.002. Epub 2017 Dec 9.

Abstract

Adequate sleep timed appropriately during the circadian night is important for numerous biological processes and systems. New evidence suggests that both sleep timing and duration may be important for optimal bone health as well. This review examines the diurnal variation of bone turnover markers (BTMs) and the importance of circadian clock genes in regulating bone mass. In addition, this review explores the evidence for a link between shift work (and its associated disturbances in sleep duration/quality and circadian alignment) and alterations in bone metabolism and bone health. Finally, we review how commonly used medications and over-the-counter substances (e.g. caffeine, melatonin) complicate the relationship between sleep and circadian disorders and bone health.

Keywords: Bone; Bone turnover; Circadian; Fracture; Sleep.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Density / physiology
  • Bone and Bones / physiology*
  • Circadian Clocks / physiology
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
  • Health
  • Humans
  • Sleep / physiology*
  • Sleep Deprivation / complications
  • Sleep Deprivation / metabolism
  • Sleep Deprivation / physiopathology