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. 1989 Mar;139(3):740-7.
doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/139.3.740.

Surface IgA and Fc-alpha Receptors on Human Alveolar Macrophages From Normal Subjects and From Patients With Sarcoidosis

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Surface IgA and Fc-alpha Receptors on Human Alveolar Macrophages From Normal Subjects and From Patients With Sarcoidosis

Y Sibille et al. Am Rev Respir Dis. .

Abstract

Human alveolar macrophages (AM) obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were found to bear cytophilic IgA and Fc alpha-receptors (Fc alpha R) on their surface. The cytophilic IgA belongs to the IgA1 subclass, but unoccupied receptors can be saturated with either IgA1 or IgA2 molecules. Although both polymeric and monomeric forms could attach, binding was about 5-fold greater for the polymers. Both cytophilic IgA and Fc alpha R are sensitive to trypsin and disappear after 18 h of AM culture. An increase in cytophilic IgA was observed on AM from untreated patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis, but not on AM from steroid-treated patients. A significant correlation was found between IgA levels in BAL and the percentage of AM with cytophilic IgA in normal subjects and in steroid-treated sarcoid patients. However, no such relationship was seen among untreated patients. These data suggest that multiple factors may modulate AM surface receptors for IgA. Inflammatory events occurring in the lungs could alter receptor expression and perhaps be of significance in the immunophysiopathology of certain pulmonary diseases.

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