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. 2017 Dec;22(12):1-9.
doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.12.126002.

Real-time Detection of Antibiotic Activity by Measuring Nanometer-Scale Bacterial Deformation

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Real-time Detection of Antibiotic Activity by Measuring Nanometer-Scale Bacterial Deformation

Rafael Iriya et al. J Biomed Opt. .
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Abstract

Diagnosing antibiotic-resistant bacteria currently requires sensitive detection of phenotypic changes associated with antibiotic action on bacteria. Here, we present an optical imaging-based approach to quantify bacterial membrane deformation as a phenotypic feature in real-time with a nanometer scale (∼9 nm) detection limit. Using this approach, we found two types of antibiotic-induced membrane deformations in different bacterial strains: polymyxin B induced relatively uniform spatial deformation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells leading to change in cellular volume and ampicillin-induced localized spatial deformation leading to the formation of bulges or protrusions on uropathogenic E. coli CFT073 cells. We anticipate that the approach will contribute to understanding of antibiotic phenotypic effects on bacteria with a potential for applications in rapid antibiotic susceptibility testing.

Keywords: Escherichiacoli; ampicillin; antibiotics; cell membrane deformation; polymyxin.

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