PI3Kδ activates E2F1 synthesis in response to mRNA translation stress

Nat Commun. 2017 Dec 13;8(1):2103. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-02282-w.


The c-myc oncogene stimulates ribosomal biogenesis and protein synthesis to promote cellular growth. However, the pathway by which cells sense and restore dysfunctional mRNA translation and how this is linked to cell proliferation and growth is not known. We here show that mRNA translation stress in cis triggered by the gly-ala repeat sequence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded EBNA1, results in PI3Kδ-dependent induction of E2F1 mRNA translation with the consequent activation of c-Myc and cell proliferation. Treatment with a specific PI3Kδ inhibitor Idelalisib (CAL-101) suppresses E2F1 and c-Myc levels and causes cell death in EBNA1-induced B cell lymphomas. Suppression of PI3Kδ prevents E2F1 activation also in non-EBV-infected cells. These data illustrate an mRNA translation stress-response pathway for E2F1 activation that is exploited by EBV to promote cell growth and proliferation, offering new strategies to treat EBV-carrying cancers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation / genetics
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics*
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor / genetics*
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor / metabolism
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / genetics
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / physiology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neoplasms / virology
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*


  • E2F1 Transcription Factor
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • PIK3CD protein, human
  • EBV-encoded nuclear antigen 1