Pilates and aerobic training improve levels of depression, anxiety and quality of life in overweight and obese individuals

Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2017 Dec;75(12):850-857. doi: 10.1590/0004-282X20170149.


Objective: To compare the effects of Pilates and walking on quality of life, depression, and anxiety levels.

Methods: Sixty-three overweight/obese participants were randomly divided into: control (n = 20), walking (n = 21), and Pilates (n = 22) groups. Pilates and walking groups attended eight weeks of 60-minute exercise sessions three times per week. Quality of life, depression, and state- and trait-anxiety levels were evaluated before and after eight weeks of training.

Results: Scores of quality of life, depression, and trait-anxiety improved in the Pilates and walking groups. State-anxiety levels improved only in the walking group.

Conclusion: Pilates and walking positively impact quality of life, depression and anxiety. The Pilates method could be used as an alternative to improve mood disorders in overweight/obese individuals.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Depression / psychology
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Exercise Movement Techniques / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Overweight / psychology
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Walking / psychology*
  • Young Adult