Health benefits of pistachios consumption

Nat Prod Res. 2019 Mar;33(5):715-726. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2017.1408093. Epub 2017 Dec 15.


The health benefits of nuts, mainly in relation to the improvement of dysmetabolic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and the related cardiovascular diseases, have been widely demonstrated. Compared to other nuts, pistachios have a lower fat and caloric content, and contain the highest levels of unsaturated fatty acids, potassium, γ-tocopherol, phytosterols and xanthophyll carotenoids, all substances that are well known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. This variety of nutrients contributes to the growing body of evidence that the consumption of pistachios improves health, leading to a greater potential of healthy antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, glycemic control, and endothelial function. The present review examines the nutrients and phytochemicals present in pistachios as well as the potential health benefits of including pistachios in a diet.

Keywords: Pistachio; anti-inflammatory activity; metabolic syndrome; polyphenols; unsaturated fatty acids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose
  • Body Weight
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Diet*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Lipids / blood
  • Nutritive Value*
  • Nuts* / chemistry
  • Obesity
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Phytochemicals / analysis*
  • Pistacia*
  • Risk Factors


  • Blood Glucose
  • Lipids
  • Phytochemicals