Background: Squeaking is an on-going complication with a variable incidence of 0.5%-20.7%. The mechanism of squeaking has not been understood completely and is most likely multifactorial in nature. Previously, we have reported on a squeaking rate of 7.3% at 2 years. Our current results show a substantial increase in the squeaking incidence from 7.3% to 17.4% with the DeltaMotion articulation at the 5-year follow-up.
Methods: Two hundred six total hip arthroplasties with a large ceramic-on-ceramic bearing were performed on 195 patients by 2 senior authors. The minimum duration of follow-up was 5 years (range 5-6.2).
Results: The mean Harris Hip Score remained stable at 91.7 at 5 years compared to 92 after 2 years. However, we observed an increase in the squeaking rate from 7.3% after 2 years to 17.4% after 5 years. As in previous studies, we did not find significant differences between the silent and squeaking group in relation to age, height, weight, and femoral head diameter. In contrast, others reported no significant differences regarding range of motion and gender between the silent and the squeaking hip group at 2 years of follow-up, whereas at 5 years, the squeaking group showed a significantly higher combined range of motion and a higher relative risk of squeaking in women compared to the silent group.
Conclusion: While large diameter ceramic bearings may produce squeaking, especially in female patients, our mid-term clinical results of a large ceramic-on-ceramic bearing in total hip arthroplasty are encouraging. Nevertheless, long-term follow-up is recommended.
Keywords: ceramic-on-ceramic; complication hip arthroplasty; large diameter ceramic-on-ceramic bearing; noise in total hip arthroplasty; squeaking; total hip arthroplasty.
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