A techno-economic evaluation of anaerobic biogas producing systems in developing countries

Bioresour Technol. 2018 Feb:250:910-921. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.013. Epub 2017 Dec 8.


Biogas production has been the focus of many individuals in the developing world; there have been several investigations that focus on improving the production process and product quality. In the developing world the lack of advanced technology and capital has hindered the development of energy production. Renewable energy has the potential to improve the standard of living for most of the 196 countries which are classified as developing economies. One of the easiest renewable energy compounds that can be produced is biogas (bio-methane). Biogas can be produced from almost any source of biomass through the anaerobic respiration of micro-organisms. Low budget energy systems are reviewed in this article along with various feedstock sources. Adapted gas purification and storage systems are also reviewed, along with the possible economic, social, health and environmental benefits of its implementation.

Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Biomass; Developing economies; Renewable energy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anaerobiosis
  • Biofuels*
  • Biomass
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Developing Countries*
  • Humans
  • Methane*


  • Biofuels
  • Methane