A Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Condomless Sex and Increase HIV Testing for Latino MSM

J Immigr Minor Health. 2018 Oct;20(5):1261-1276. doi: 10.1007/s10903-017-0682-5.


Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV, and there have been calls to improve availability of culturally sensitive HIV prevention programs for this population. This article provides a systematic review of intervention programs to reduce condomless sex and/or increase HIV testing among Latino MSM. We searched four electronic databases using a systematic review protocol, screened 1777 unique records, and identified ten interventions analyzing data from 2871 Latino MSM. Four studies reported reductions in condomless anal intercourse, and one reported reductions in number of sexual partners. All studies incorporated surface structure cultural features such as bilingual study recruitment, but the incorporation of deep structure cultural features, such as machismo and sexual silence, was lacking. There is a need for rigorously designed interventions that incorporate deep structure cultural features in order to reduce HIV among Latino MSM.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention; Latinos; Men who have sex with men; Systematic review.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Cultural Competency
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • HIV Infections / ethnology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Health Risk Behaviors
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Homosexuality, Male / ethnology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Masculinity
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States